A trip through Transporting moments

Trains are extraordinary machines. They leave tracks, of the parallel sort with which we are all familiar and the cultural kind, which run through our lives in myriad ways, in the language we use, in our spatial-temporal frameworks, in music and art, literature and film. More than any other form of transport, the railway was instrumental in laying the foundations of contemporary mobility. It fed into the development of the modern city, enabled millions of its citizens to travel to work each day, provided the means for shipping goods and freight across nations and between nation-states, was the major catalyst in the growth of modern tourism and so on.
Railways, especially of the older kind, have a particular hold over our imaginations, asmanifest in the passion for vintage rail and for steam trains. They have managed to survive, though not without some considerable rationalisation in their services and comprehensiveness, the onslaught from the motorcar and the jet aeroplane, which almost put them out of existence. Arguably, as the environmental costs of the motorcar and the aeroplane have come to be appreciated, not to mention their destructive power in terms of urban and communal development, where cars in particular have led to freeway-dependent cities, there has been something of a railway renaissance. More and more commuters are leaving their cars at home and travelling by train to work, often because it is quicker, they can, ‘armed’ with lap tops and other mobile devices, undertake work on the train, catch up on sleep, or a missed television programme. The train has become a home or office on wheels. Rather than being dead time, travel time is actually useful time.

Transporting Moments: Mobility, Australian Railways And The Trained Society, eBook By Colin Symes

Enlightened governments (Australia’s, as this book argues, are not, as they continue to hold onto the cargo cult of the car) have begun to recognise that investment in railways makes more sense than investment in roads and freeways which are mere recipes for urban sprawl and car crawl. Further, they have led to deeply divided cities (and Sydney is lamentably one of the worst) where the poor have been ‘marginalised’, pushed out to the edge of the city, remote from services that might offset their economic plight. By contrast, the inner cities are the magnet of the professional classes, knowledge and creative workers, and who are surfeited with transport options, and who have therefore no excuse for owning a car!
Cars are a four-wheeled form of individualism. They epitomise a selfish mode ofmobility, one whose days are numbered. In many respects, they are the horse and buggy of the twenty first century.
Hence, some cities have begun to deconstruct their freeways and replace them with parks and pedestrian (and their extension, the bicycle) friendly zones. They have begun to recognise that ‘autocracy’ (an ideology believing in the divine right of the automobile) is a defunct transport paradigm and must be overthrown, in the interests of saving the planet from ‘thermal-cide’. Private transport must at all costs be replaced by public transport. This might have flow on effects, including a demand for other public services, such as broadcasting, education and health, which under the neo-liberalist settlement, have suffered the effects of subvention withdrawal, have been residualised. Public, unfortunately, has become a boo word; it has been stigmatised. A mobility turn back to public transport could inject dignity into the sphere of public goods.
Meanwhile, recognising that railways are a necessary part of the city’s transport infrastructure, Sydney Trains have been giving the rail network a radical makeover. On the basis that there is little difference between running fast trains and fast food restaurants, it exemplifies a mobile translation of McDonald’s philosophy. It has, in the absence of making huge investment in tunnels and bridges and rolling stock and that would really fix the trains, focused in large measure, on impression management, on giving the system the appearance of being efficient, rational, uniform, standard and so on.
Even long distance trains, though they cannot compete for speed with the modern airliner at least in Australia — their counterparts in Europe and north Asia can — are experiencing their own renaissance. In line with the emergence of a slow travel movement, that parallels the development in slow food and education, slow trains — at least for those not in a hurry — have become quite fashionable and offer a distinctly more rewarding encounter with the continental landmass than the head in the cloud in one.
Transporting moments*, which takes as its case study Australia and Sydney in particular, provides an analysis of rail travel, not so much from the point of view of its engineering, as its users, commuters, passengers and travellers, and argues rail, though much maligned in the press and by governments, is the most efficient form of mobility ever invented. It needs our support.
In short, being on the move, on a train, isat least as exciting and interesting as being off a train, and offers rewarding glimpses of the way trains choreograph our lives and make possible economic life in cities. It documents how travel on trains is, using a combination of auditory and visual signage, carefully scripted and choreographed. It shows how the railways are instrumental in timetabling our lives, our powerful force in influencing our spatial priorities. It shows how the ‘predestination’ experience is a regulated, meticulously organised one, how those who go off the rails are brought back into line through soft power, a combination of semiotic direction and discrete policing. It provides glimpses into the soap operas of mobility, as their plots work themselves into the day-to-day operations and incomparable theatre of rail.
Those who travel by trains will find much in this bookthat is illuminating, while those who do not might be ‘illuminated’ into doing so. This book’s celebration of rail-mindedness is not just timely, but also, like so many of the trains it chronicles with affection, long overdue!
Colin Symes
Honorary Associate
Macquarie University,
*Transporting moments: mobility, Australian railways and the trained society, is to be published by Bentham eBooks, in March 2015.
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University of Florence, Italy

The origins of the University of Florence go back to the Studium Generale set up by the Florentine Republic in 1321. The subjects taught were Civil and Canon Law, Literature, Medicine. There have been illustrious lecturers such as Giovanni Boccaccio, who lectured on the Divina Commedia.

The importance of the Studium was ratified with a bull by Pope Clement VI whereby all titles awarded were officially recognised. The teaching of Theology was subsequently added. The Studium had also the privilegia maxima extended to it, as it was the case with Bologna and Paris universities. In 1364 the Studium became an imperial university.

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New Podcast on Plant Glycosides and Aglycones Displaying Antiproliferative and Antitumour Activities

A new podcast by Dr. Sandeep Patankar based on the article : ‘Plant Glycosides and Aglycones Displaying Antiproliferative and Antitumour Activities – A Review’ from the journal Current Bioactive Compounds 2013, Volume 9, Issue 4, has been uploaded on Bentham Science YouTube Channel.

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EMBASE accepts coverage of BSP Journals and eBooks

Dubai, UAE, February, 25th 2015: EMBASE accepts coverage of 33 journal and eBook titles published by Bentham Science Publishers. EMBASE is a biomedical and pharmacological database containing bibliographic records with citations, abstracts and indexing derived from biomedical articles in peer reviewed journals, and is especially strong in its coverage of drug and pharmaceutical research. Bentham Science Publishers publishes over 100 print & online scholarly journals and more than 300 eBooks in science, technology, and medicine.

Articles from Bentham Science Impact Factor Journals Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in medicinal chemistry and rational drug design for the discovery of anti-cancer agents.

Each issue contains a series of timely in-depth reviews and guest edited issues written by leaders in the field covering a range of current topics in cancer medicinal chemistry. The journal only considers high quality research papers for publication.

Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry is an essential journal for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important developments in cancer drug discovery.

Articles from the journal Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Article: Anti-Cancer Agent-Induced Nephrotoxicity

Author(s): Hirotaka Fukasawa, Ryuichi Furuya, Hideo Yasuda, Tatsuo Yamamoto, Akira Hishida and Masatoshi Kitagawa.

Affiliation: Renal Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Iwata City Hospital, 512-3 Ohkubo, Iwata, Shizuoka 438-8550 Japan.


Article: Recent Developments on Thiourea Based Anticancer Chemotherapeutics

Author(s): Vikas Kumar and Swapandeep Singh Chimni

Affiliation: Department of Chemistry,U.G.C. Center of Advance Studies in Chemistry, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar-143005, India


Article: EGFRIndb: Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitor

Author(s): Inderjit S. Yadav, Harinder Singh, Mohd. Imran Khan, Ashok Chaudhury, G.P.S. Raghava and Subhash M. Agarwal

Affiliation: Bioinformatics Division, Institute of Cytology and Preventive Oncology, I-7, Sector-39, Noida- 201301, India.


Article: Activation of Integrin β1 Mediates the Increased Malignant Potential of Ovarian Cancer Cells Exerted by Inflammatory Cytokines

Author(s): Zongyuan Yang, Xiaoshui Zhou, Yi Liu, Cheng Gong, Xiao Wei, Taoran Zhang, Ding Ma and Qinglei Gao.

Affiliation: Cancer Biology Research Center, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1095 Jiefang Anv. Wuhan, Hubei 430030, China.


Article: Chalcone-Coumarin Derivatives as Potential Anti-Cancer Drugs: An in vitro and in vivo Investigation

Author(s): Vincent Jamier, Wioleta Marut, Sergio Valente, Christiane Chereau, Sandrine Chouzenoux, Carole Nicco, Herve Lemarechal, Bernard Weill, Gilbert Kirsch, Claus Jacob and Frederic.

Affiliation: Laboratoire d’Immunologie, 24 rue du faubourg St Jacques 75679 Paris cedex 14, France.


Article: Sesamol Ameliorates Cyclophosphamide-Induced Hepatotoxicity by Modulating Oxidative

Stress and Inflammatory Mediators

Author(s): S. Jnaneshwari, M. Hemshekhar, R.M. Thushara, M. Shanmuga Sundaram, M. Sebastin Santhosh, K. Sunitha, R.L. Shankar, K. Kemparaju and K.S. Girish.

Affiliation: Department of studies and Research in Biochemistry, University of Mysore, Mysore-06 and Tumkur University, Tumkur, Karnataka, India.


Article: Three Amino Acid Derivatives of Valproic Acid: Design, Synthesis, Theoretical and

Experimental Evaluation as Anticancer Agents

Author(s): Gabriela R. Luna-Palencia, Federico Martinez-Ramos, Ismael Vasquez-Moctezuma, Manuel Jonathan Fragoso-Vazquez, Jessica Elena Mendieta-Wejebe, Itzia I. Padilla-Martínez, Yudibeth Sixto-Lopez, David Mendez-Luna, Jose Trujillo-Ferrara, Marco A. Meraz-Rios, Yadira Fonseca-Sabater and Jose Correa-Basurto.

Affiliation: Molecular Modeling and Drug Design Laboratory, Biophysics and Biocatalysis Lab, Biochemistry Lab, Seccion de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigacion y Departamento de Bioquimica, Escuela Superior de Medicina, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Plan de San Luis y Diaz Miron, Distrito Federal 11340, Mexico.


Article: Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of 3-Substituted-4-(4-methylthio phenyl)-1H- Pyrrole Derivatives as Potential Anticancer Agents.

Author(s): Lan Lan, Weixi Qin, Xiaoping Zhan, Zenglu Liu and Zhenmin Mao

Affiliation: School of Pharmacy, Shanghai Jiaotong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, China.


Article: Anticancer Activity of New Compounds Using Benzimidazole as a Scaffold.

Author(s): Mohd Rashid, Asif Husain, Mohammad Shaharyar and Mohd

Affiliation: Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard (Hamdard University), Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi 110062, India.


Article: Modeling Study of Phenylsulfonylfuroxan Derivatives as P-gp Inhibitors: A Combined

Approach of CoMFA, CoMSIA and HQSAR

Author(s): Changdev G. Gadhe, Anand Balupuri, Pavithra K. Balasubramanian and Seung Joo

Affiliation: College of Medicine, Chosun University, 375 Seosuk-dong, Dong-gu Gwangju 501-759, Republic of Korea.


Article: Trifluoroibuprofen Inhibits α-Methylacyl Coenzyme A Racemase (AMACR/P504S),

Reduces Cancer Cell Proliferation and Inhibits in vivo Tumor Growth in Aggressive Prostate Cancer Models

Author(s): Yoshiko Kaku, Ayako Tsuchiya, Takeshi Kanno and Tomoyuki

Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1-1 Mukogawa-cho, Nishinomiya 663-8501, Japan.


Article: Toxic effects of Aflatoxin B1 on embryonic development of zebrafish (Danio rerio): Potential activity of Piceatannol encapsulated Chitosan/poly (lactic acid) nanoparticles.

Author(s): Claudio Festuccia, Giovanni Luca Gravina, Andrea Mancini, Paola Muzi, Ernesto Di Cesare, Ralph Kirk, Matthew Smith, Shaun Hughes, Robert Gibson, Lu-Yun Lian, Enrico Ricevuto and Andrew J. Carnell.

Affiliation: Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale, Radiobiology Laboratory, Universita dell’Aquila, Via Vetoio, Coppito 2, 67100 L’Aquila, Italia.


Article: Hypersensitivity to Aurora Kinase Inhibitors in Cells Resistant against Platinum-

Containing Anticancer Agents

Author(s): Masaki Akiyama, Hiroto Izumi, Ke-Yong Wang, Takahiro Yamaguchi, Akihiro Kuma, Noriaki Kitamura, Yoshikazu Harada, Ryoichi Oya, Koji Yamaguchi, Yoshiko Iwai and Kimitoshi.

Affiliation: President Laboratory, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1-1 Iseigaoka, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu 807-8555, Japan.


Article: ent-Kaurane Diterpenoids from Croton tonkinensis Induce Apoptosis in Colorectal Cancer Cells through the Phosphorylation of JNK Mediated by Reactive Oxygen Species and Dual-Specificity JNK Kinase MKK4.

Author(s): Phuong Thien Thuong, Nguyen Minh Khoi, Saho Ohta, Shinichiro Shiota, Hironori Kanta, Kenji Takeuchi and Fumiaki Ito.

Affiliation: Institute of Health Sciences, Sunstar Inc., Takatsuki, Osaka 569-1195, Japan.


For details, please visit: http://benthamscience.com/journal/index.php?journalID=acamc

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