Being capable of publishing in peer-reviewed journals is commonly seen as an indicator of
proper scientific research. It is the duty of a researcher to publish his results for the
scientific community. Research can be seen as a product that must be sold to the target
audience in the form of an article. In other words, research results do not exist before they
are successfully published. The key people for getting one’s article accepted for
publication are the editor-in-chief, editor, and reviewers. After publication, a well-written
article will attract readers, eventually resulting in a scientific impact defined by whether
other scientists will cite the article.
Unfortunately, many researchers are far more comfortable conducting scientific
experiments than they are reporting and publishing their findings. As a result, a
considerable amount of research is not published in a way that adequately expresses its
significance. (Spector, 1994) On the other hand, researchers who communicate well are
successful in gaining recognition and support for themselves individually, but also for
their institution (Yore et al., 2004). These are among the motivations as to why it is vital to
achieve proficiency in writing scientific journal articles. It is vital for a new researcher to
start writing articles as soon as possible. An early start will speed up the learning process.
When you are writing, you are forced to think about your substance from different
Often, researchers make the mistake of believing that writing an article is a separate phase
to be done after completing the entire research. We recommend that researchers start
writing much sooner. From the effectiveness perspective, it is not wise to wait for a
moment when you feel that you know and understand “everything” needed for writing
articles. It is more sensible to start learning to write piece-by-piece, better enabling the
perception of what to do and when, and thus aiding the avoidance of unnecessary work.
Understanding of the studied matter is enhanced while working on it. Starting the writing
process early gradually lowers the threshold for publishing and through gained
experience the chances of getting the work accepted for publication in better journals will
As writing articles is learned best through gaining writing experience, it is worth initiating
the learning process by making written notes of any ideas and documenting research
processes and initial results. This way you will generate text that can potentially be
utilised later for articles, or at least you will gain writing experience. In addition, by
writing down thoughts, initial conclusions and suchlike, a researcher can better identify
gaps in his thinking. It is beneficial to have publishing in mind already while conducting
experiments. However, it is the results that will define the focus of the final article (Bem,
The process of writing an article is initiated by considering the significance of the future
article, its importance and potential newness to the scientific community. It is also vital to
identify those who might be interested in seeing your results, i.e. who is the target
audience? In addition, it is beneficial to consider the practical implications of your
research. A scientific article must be based on research that is conducted scientifically by
using accepted methods. An article wraps up research by presenting it clearly and
concisely to the scientific community.

Taken from:


By Dr Pekka Belt, Dr Matti Mottonen & DrJanne Harkonen

The full article is available at

Tips for Writing Journal Articles
Tips for Writing Journal Articles