Method: A comprehensive literature review was employed to establish the recommendations in this report. This article provides a review of adolescent sleep physiology and offers various tools to aid in the clinical assessment and treatment of common sleep disorders. It highlights typical sleep changes throughout adolescence and the impact that these changes have on the development of sleep pathology.
Results: Chronic sleep loss is commonly reported among teenagers. Understanding the relationship between pubertal development and sleep regulation is essential for establishing clinical guidelines regarding adequate sleep. Benzodiazepine-receptor agonists (BzRAs) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) are the most widely studied treatments for insomnia. In addition, bright light therapy and melatonin administration are often effective in treating circadian rhythm disorders. Sleep hygiene techniques are recommended for individuals with various sleep difficulties, yet there is insufficient data to support them as an evidence-based, standalone treatment.