Dr. Jean-Marc Sabatier
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF: Infectious Disorders – Drug Targets
Laboratoire ERT 62 ‘Ingénierie des peptides à visée thérapeutique’
Université de la Méditerranée
Faculté de Médecine Nord
Boulevard Pierre Dramard
13916 – MARSEILLE, Cedex 20
Healthy Weight Week signifies the importance of balance diet and healthy lifestyle. Being healthy does not mean losing weight and going on a diet. It means pursuing livable and sustainable healthy lifestyle through eating well, living actively and feeling good.
Bentham Science publishes important research publications that promote this idea.
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Bioactive Compounds of Virgin Olive Oil Extracted from Bladi and Arbequina Cultivars
Journal: Current Nutrition & Food Science
Background: Virgin Olive Oil (VOO) is known as a nutraceutical resource. Virgin olive oil is stable oil and its shelf life is longer than the other edible oils. Bladi and Arbequina are the most extensive and important olive cultivars in Iran-Qom region. The aim of this research was to evaluate stability and the bioactive compounds of two olive cultivars (Bladi and Arbequina) that have beneficial effects on body’s health.
Methods: Olive fruits from Bladi and Arbequina cultivars were collected, indexes of weight, dimension, oil and moisture content of whole fruit, pulp and kernel were studied; their oil was extracted (cold press) and free fatty acid, peroxide, polar compounds, conjugated dienes and trienes, induction period, refractive index, chlorophyll and carotenoid contents, fatty acid, phenolic and tocopherol profiles were investigated.
Results: The results showed that the dimensions and weights of the whole fruit, pulp and kernel of cultivars were significantly different. With the same amount of moisture, oil contents of fruit, pulp and kernel in Bladi (18.44, 34.94, 3.82%, respectively) were less than those in Arbequina (30.72, 45.1 and 8.75%). The composition of fatty acids in Bladi and Arbequina’s oil mainly consisted of oleic (50.16, 57.43%), palmitic (22.33, 19.79%) and linoleic acid (18.38, 14.72%),. Induction period of Arbequina was higher than Bladi, although polyphenols and tocopherols contents were higher in Bladi.
Conclusion: The fatty acids composition and the presence of antioxidants mainly phenols and tocopherols are established key factors for the resistance of the oil to autoxidation.
Read more here: http://www.eurekaselect.com/155341
Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani is an Indian institute of higher education and a deemed university under Section 3 of the UGC Act 1956. The university has 15 academic departments, and focuses primarily on undergraduate education in engineering and the sciences and on its management programme.
The institute was established in its present form in 1964. During this period, the institute’s transformation from a regional engineering college to a national university was backed by G.D. Birla. BITS has established centres at Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad and Dubai.
Contributed Article: “Stress, Depression, Resilience and Ageing: A Role for the LPA-LPA1 Pathway“
Journal: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Background: Despite the extended laboratory and clinical study of sepsis, its diagnosis remains a clinical challenge. The initiation of sepsis activates many different biochemical and immunological pathways being expressed by alterations of various molecules in human tissues. The detection and measurement of the concentration of such molecules, known as biomarkers, may be a diagnostic tool of great significance for clinicians dealing with suspected sepsis. Additionally, biomarkers may predict patients ´ outcome and may play a role in monitoring response to therapy.
Methods: Most relevant clinical and experimental biomarker studies on sepsis were retrieved and reviewed in this article.
Journal: Current Bioactive Compounds
Background: Dodonaea angustifolia is used in Ethiopian traditional medicine to treat malaria. The objective of this work was to conduct bioassay guided fractionation of the leaves of D. angustifolia using Plasmodium berghei infected mice.
Method: The antiplasmodial activity of the extracts and pure compounds was evaluated using the standard Peter’s four-day suppressive method. The structures of isolated compounds were elucidated using chemical and spectroscopic methods.