Author(s): Ambreen Fatima, Smita Jyoti, Yasir Hasan Siddique*.

Graphical Abstract:


Background & Objective: Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder affecting more than 1% of the population averaged 60 years of age. The majority of PD cases are sporadic and are probably caused by a combination of risk factors but 5-10% of the PD cases are familial. Due to the high degree of the gene, conservation in humans, mice and insects using an animal model system is a valuable approach to further elucidate the roles of the genes in PD.


Conclusion: The present review highlights the models used to study PD symptoms with special emphasis on Drosophila.



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