AI: From Early Expert Systems to Mainstream AI Chatbots

Back in 2015, a foundation had been laid by the founders of Open AI with a goal to promote a more preferable quality of life. Artificial Intelligence has been playing an integral part with in our society for the past few decades now. One of best examples of AI in our daily lives is that of the software in a smart phone which has incorporated this technology in photos, maps and many more features. And Open AI’s recent ChatGPT has already created a huge mainstream buzz for the technology.

Artificial Intelligence was first coined by John McCarthy a computer scientist from Boston, Massachusetts and in 1956 he defined Artificial Intelligence (AI) as The Science and engineering of making intelligent machines”.

Throughout the 60’s and 70’s, research on AI was slow because computing power and funding was inadequate. It was not until the introduction and commercial success of the Expert systems that allowed the research in AI to bring its spark back into the mainstream world. An Expert system is a computer system imitating the decision-making ability of a human expert, these systems were designed to solve complex problems by reasoning through bodies of knowledge, represented mainly as ‘if–then’ rules rather than through conventional procedural code like we do today. The first expert systems were created in the 1970s and then their usage increased over the next decade. These were the first ever successful AI software. A prime example is the MYCINexpert system. MYCIN was an early expert system developed in the early 1970s at Stanford University in Lisp computing language. It used artificial intelligence to identify bacteria causing severe infections, such as bacteremia and meningitis. The system would recommend antibiotics, with the dosage adjusted for patient’s body weight.

Today, there are several disciplines that rely on AI such in natural sciences, medicine and engineering. AI employs methods such as machine learning, deep learning and natural language processing, and computer simulations to automate and solve many problems. We can see examples of advanced applications self-driving cars and online recommender systems which have had an impact on our quality of life. This new technology is also helping scientists to compile and analyze big data, empowering them to quickly generate structured and understandable results.

AI technology like ChatGPT has been rapidly evolving, with some software getting weekly, and sometimes daily updates. But it’s clear that the potential of AI has some room for improvement. That makes the future look exciting, but also brings up more unanswered questions.

Today, there are many journals that cover the field of artificial intelligence, that have published cutting-edge research papers that truly showcase the power of AI for specific tasks. Bentham Science has recently initiated a journal in this space – The Chinese Journal of Artificial Intelligence (CJAI) – which explores the diverse applications of AI in research from China. You can learn more about the journal here. CJAI also supports Open Access publishing, making AI research in the region more accessible to millions of readers for free. Just like the technologies being funded by Open AI.

Author: Bentham Science

Bentham Science is a leading publishing company in the field of science, technology, and medicine. Established in 1992, the company has grown to become one of the most reputable and respected publishers in the scientific community. Bentham Science publishes more than 100 online and print journals, along with over 300 eBooks and over 2000 reference works. These publications cover a wide range of topics, including pharmaceutical sciences, biotechnology, chemistry, engineering, and more. In addition to its publications, Bentham Science also provides various services to the scientific community, including manuscript editing, article formatting, and language polishing. The company is committed to promoting scientific research and discovery by providing a platform for researchers to share their work with a wider audience. Bentham Science's reputation for excellence is built on a commitment to quality, integrity, and innovation. Its editorial team consists of experts in their respective fields who ensure that all publications are rigorously peer-reviewed and meet the highest standards of scientific accuracy. Overall, Bentham Science is an invaluable resource for scientists, researchers, and academics who are looking to stay up-to-date on the latest developments in their fields. With its wide range of publications and commitment to quality, the company is poised to remain a leader in the scientific publishing industry for years to come.

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