Food Enhances Intelligence!

We have always known the fact that food is essential for keeping us alive and healthy. But this is a general statement, so the scientists have been on the mission to understand how food keeps us healthy – both physically and mentally. Keeping our focus on mental health we need to understand how food and nutrition keeps our brain healthy.

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Recently, scientists from the University of Illinois studied the Mediterranean diet and found out that the oils and nuts carry nutrients that are very good for the brain. The dorsal networks in the brain is the key area concerned with intelligence and cognitive thinking. The Mediterranean diet includes nutrients called monounsaturated fatty acids MUFAs that the researchers found, were responsible for building the networks and enhancing thinking abilities.

The study is just the beginning and has loads to offer for scientists as they progress in this direction.

To read the latest research articles on neurology, visit: http://benthamscience.com/browse-by-subject/medicine/#ANCHSC34

Empathy – Can It Be Taught?

We live in a world of constant communication and interactions where we have to understand the others around us. We take this idea for granted until we come across people who lack this idea. Yes, empathy and understanding the others is not a universal phenomenon. There are individuals who cannot figure out how others think and what they would do in certain situations – no matter how obvious the situations are.

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As psychologists coin it, the phenomenon of understanding and empathizing is known as Theory of Mind. Most psychologists take it as a mental process that can only be studied or observed through displayed behaviors of individuals. For instance, if you can help someone without their asking you verbally, it shows you understand that they need you at that moment. If you do otherwise, your behavior depicts that you lack empathy. Hence they conclude Theory of Mind can only be observed indirectly and similarly can barely be taught to someone lacking it.

But recent study by psychologists tend to argue that Theory of Mind may itself be a group of behaviors that appear with certain simple principles of learning. That means that we can also teach these behaviors to people who bear psychological disorders.

The research study called, ‘Theory of Mind is Just Behavior’, is published in the journal, Current Psychiatry Reviews.

To read more please visit: http://www.eurekaselect.com/152108

 

How to Figure Out Parkinson’s Disease?

Parkinson’s disease is a much dreaded disorder that destructs nerves and causes serious mental and physical disability. We mostly identify it in people with the shivering movements in their arms and legs but it is not restricted to this common symptom. There are many other ways to find out who may be a victim of this horrific neurological disease.

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The initial symptoms include tiredness, feeling of depression or anxiety, stiffness of muscles, hampered speech, forgetting of words or ideas and much visible signs like tremors and problems in standing and walking. One clear symptom is lack of movement and expressions, and flattening of face that is called ‘masked face’. The brain of Parkinson’s disease patient slows down and does not efficiently transmit orders to the body and therefore, the movements retard and body parts slump. This causes dire agony to the patients.

Bentham Science provides research articles that can play a vital role in fight against Parkinson’s disease. For example:

http://www.eurekaselect.com/137227

http://www.eurekaselect.com/149081

 

New Cause of Cancer Discovered!

Cancer has been a deep and grave subject that has haunted the world and perplexed the researchers all around. Flurry of studies appear every now and then that point out various learnings and cautions – some hypothetical and most well-researched. Once again a study has come up that encompasses not one or two but almost all types of this dreaded disease and sheds light on the root cause of its occurrence. We have been told to stay away from carcinogenic materials, hazardous conditions, smoking and unhealthy lifestyle in order to reduce our chances of getting affected. But scientists from Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center discovered that DNA copying errors in multiplying cells take two-third of the burden of causing cancers.

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Scientists studied 32 types of cancers including brain, prostate, breast, lung and more, to find out about their emergence. For each type they found that environmental causes and gene sequencing both played part. There are certain cancers like lung cancer where 65% of the occurrences are due to smoking and environmental causes. DNA errors did less harm there. But in brain, bones and prostate cancers more than 95% of the cases were due to mutations caused by DNA copying errors.

The researchers defined it as comparable to typing a 20-volume book, where typos are absolutely likely and natural to occur. They may be due to known reasons but still it is impossible to bring the typos to zero. Similarly DNA sequencing and occurrence of mutations is virtually impossible to avoid. Still the researchers stressed on the idea that people should adopt a healthy lifestyle and avoid exposure to cancerous matter. Further one should hope for the best.

Brain Cells and Inheritance of Genes!

For every newcomer to the world, family and friends instantly begin to speculate who the baby will be like – mother or father! This speculation has proved unanswerable for the reason that one can never guess the outcome. Sometimes the children tend to inherit the father’s traits and sometimes the mother’s.

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Recently researchers from University of Utah dug into the science behind inheriting genes and discovered that it is a rather complicated matter. It had been thought that newborn cells equally inherit traits from the genes of both the parents. Contrary to this idea, the cells show partiality at a very early stage of development, and tend to silence one gene providing dominance to the other. This may happen that later the silenced genes emerge as well but they remain recessive. Their study on mice and other specimen showed this phenomenon visibly. Especially the brain cells were found depicting this nature in abundance.

This study has the potential to find the roots of many inherited diseases that mar the lives of people and then their off-springs.

Hit the gym, improve your memory!

Exercise has always been vital for our health. But do you know it can also help you increase your short term memory? Studies now prove hitting the gym can raise the capacity of memorizing.

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A research was presented at the annual conference of the British Psychological Society’s Division of Sport and Exercise Psychology in Cardiff by Dr. David Marchant from Edge Hill University, Lancashire where it was concluded that exercising does have a positive effect on your short term memory.

Experiments were conducted on active and healthy people. In the activity they were asked to recall some words before and after exercise and rest. There was a difference recorded in the standard of learning the words when results of exercising after learning were compared to rest after learning. It was observed that people tend to recall more when they exercise after learning as compared to the other.

Dr. Marchant, post the research, suggested that the experiments proved that short term memory is alleviated with the help of exercise. Exercise helped in instantaneous recalling of the words when done before learning.  But exercise after learning helped when they had to wait to recall the words.

Therefore, there is an added motivation to put some energy into building the muscle. Tone down your body and get your short term memory improved!

Stress and Heart!

Everyone feels stressed in different ways and their reaction to it varies from person to person. Stress can lead to many health problems. When stressed some people panic, smoke, drink and overact and react.  All of these lead to many heart diseases. Stress may enhance factors that can cause heart disease like cholesterol, high blood pressure etc. Stress can also cause back strain, stomach pains and headache. A new study also shows that people who experience higher level of stress also have increased inflammations in the arteries which can lead to many heart problems.

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A new study was presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 65th Annual Scientific Session. In that study imaging was used to look at 293 people’s brain and arteries. Researchers revealed that stress activity in an area of the brain called the amygdala, which is where emotions are processed, was linked to increased inflammation in a person’s arteries. It was noted that 35% of the people who experienced high stress suffered a heart event.

There are many techniques which can help a person to cope with stress. For instance, balanced diet and regular physical activity like yoga can help a person to relax, and stay happy and calm.

Workplace should be fun!

You want your employees to work harder and learn more? Create a fun environment! The more fun your workplace is the more you learn. Recent study reveals that it’s fun that makes the employees work harder, and affects their impromptu learning. According to Michael Tews, informal learning helps improve job performances of individuals.

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It is deduced that a fun loving environment lessens the fear in people for learning new things. This in return inclines them to learn and try new things which results in better performances. Tews said that it has always been assumed that a manager’s emphasis on learning aids the employees. He emphasized that fun plays a vital role in the workplace. A fun loving environment lets people mingle and know each other which urges them further to help each other and hence learn more.

At the same time Tews warned that this is not always the case. Fun may have an adverse effect on the productivity of the workplace.  It is dependent on the managers how aptly they use fun, as a tool, for informal learning. One can never be sure about the result of management tactics. Hence a perfect management can never be gained.

A study was conducted on managers of fine dining restaurants and participants were asked to rate fun activities, their own bosses’ support for fun, their attitude and informal learning at their restaurants. The findings of which supported the idea of fun playing an important part for the workplace. However, these findings need to be validated by future researches.

Yoga Every Day Keeps The Doctor Away!

Health is the first key for joyful life and in today’s world everybody aspires to have a healthy life. But the most important question exists that how to maintain or get the aspiring lifestyle, for no one gets healthier out of the blue. It needs a lot of focus especially when the influences from outside make it hard to be healthy.   Devising a healthy lifestyle is about putting structures in place that are conducive for our body and the brain. Certain routines make it easier to achieve a healthy life. Intake of balance diet and exercises like yoga helps to lead a good healthy life. Yoga makes people fit, mentally as well as physically.

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New research suggests a regular practice of yoga may lower an inflammatory protein that is normally linked to aging and stress. The University of Nottingham also conducted a study and found that certain routines of yoga can also possibly help in improving the health and psychological wellbeing of children in care. Another study was conducted by the researchers from the University of Texas and it revealed that yoga helped women undergoing radiation therapy to reduce fatigue and it also improved their mental outlook. Ohio State University published a study in which it was found that yoga also helps women who had completed cancer treatment to reduce inflammation, it also helps increase energy and improves mood.

Therefore, Yoga helps to live a healthy life.  It renders us to be stronger, heals aches and pains, and keeps sickness at bay. It may also help people with depression and other mental conditions.

What Makes Us Celebrate?

The season of celebrations has just kick-started and we are oozing with our festive mood. When you start counting you would be surprised how much we party in the winters, be it Hallowe’en, Thanksgiving, Christmas, Boxing Day, New Year or the frosty season itself. Keeping the jubilant mood on I often think why do we celebrate so much!

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We have been celebrating since the very start of our existence whenever we experienced success, be it big or small. We cherished when we first made fire and cooked meat, we applauded ourselves for inventing the wheel and did the same whenever we conquered another piece of land. This habit wasn’t restricted to happy moments solely as we also gathered to mourn deaths in funerals or to remember catastrophes. Scientists went on to study what lead the humans then and now observe moments and days so ardently. The answer was thoroughly positive.

As was learned, celebrations enhance our sense of gratitude which results in enthusiasm, exaggerated alertness, optimism, determination and obviously gratefulness itself. We tend to enjoy life more and feel that we live for a meaning. Events also strengthen social values and cultural unity, and also help us mingle more willfully. We learn to thank people around us and this behavior reciprocates. Remembering happenings and days let us make our memories stronger.

We also learn to know that hardships are a part of life and we try to find the options to overcome our errors. In essence we develop a fighting nature and take more challenges.

You have all the right to enjoy!!