Pan-Amyloid Oligomer Specific scFv Antibody Attenuates Memory Deficits and Brain Amyloid Burden in Mice with Alzheimer’s Disease
Current Alzheimer Research, 11(1): 69-78.
Author(s): Min Zhao, Shao-wei Wang, Yu-jiong Wang, Ran Zhang, Ya-nan Li, Ya-jing Su, Wei-wei Zhou, Xiao-lin Yu and Rui-tian Liu
Abstract: Amyloid oligomers have a critical function in the pathologic processes of various amyloidoses, such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson disease (PD), Huntington’s disease, prion-related diseases, type 2 diabetes, and hereditary renal amyloidosis. Our previous reports demonstrated that a conformation-dependent oligomer-specific single-chain variable fragment (scFv) antibody, W20, isolated from a naïve human scFv library, can recognize oligomers assembled from α -synuclein, amylin, insulin, A β40/42, prion peptide 106–126, and lysozyme, inhibit the aggregation of various amyloid, and attenuate amyloid oligomer-induced cytotoxicity In vitro. Furthermore, W20 recognized the amyloid oligomers in all types of plaques, Lewy bodies, and amylin deposits in the brain tissues of AD and PD patients and in the pancreas of type 2 diabetes patients. In the current study, we showed that W20 blocked the binding of Aβ oligomers to SH-SY5Y cells, did not bind to heat shock protein, rescued cognitive impairments in APP/PS1 transgenic mice, and interfered with Aβ levels and deposits in mouse brain. These results suggest that W20 may be a promising therapeutic for the treatment of AD.
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Baicalin Suppresses Migration, Invasion and Metastasis of Breast Cancer via p38MAPK Signaling Pathway
Author(s): Xiu- Feng Wang, Qian- Mei Zhou, Jia Du, Hui Zhang, Yi- Yu Lu and Shi- Bing Su
Affiliation: Research Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine Complexity System, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 1200 Cailun Road, Pudong, Shanghai 201203, PR China.
Abstract: Metastasis is the major cause of death in breast cancer patients. In this study, we investigated the effects of baicalin, a natural compound, on cell migration, invasion and metastasis using human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cell line as model system. Baicalin not only dose-dependently inhibited MDA-MB-231 cells migration and in vitro invasion, but also suppressed the tumor outgrowth and the pulmonary metastasis of MDA-MB-231 cells in xenograft model. Importantly, treatment of baicalin caused little change in body weight, liver and kidney function of recipient animals. Tumorigenesis-inhibitory effect is likely linked to the capability of baicalin to downregulate metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and uPA receptor (uPAR) expression in MDA-MB-231 cells. As baicalin blocked p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity and treatment of p38MAPK inhibitor SB203580 led to the reduction of MMP-2, MMP-9, uPA and uPAR expressions, we concluded that baicalin suppresses the tumorigenecity of MDA-MB-231 cells by down-regulating MMP-2, MMP-9, uPA and uPAR expressions through the interruption of p38MAPK signaling pathway.
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Chemically Synthesized Matrix Metalloproteinase and Angiogenesis-inhibiting Peptides as Anticancer Agents
Author(s): Jialiang Hu, Ming Yan, Chunyan Pu, Jingjing Wang, Philippe E. Van den Steen, Ghislain Opdenakker and Hanmei Xu
Affiliation: The Key Laboratory of Modern Chinese Medicines, Ministry of Education, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 210009, China
By connection of Regasepin2, a heptapeptide inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), to the N- or C-terminus of ES-2, an anti-angiogenic peptide of 11 residues, two designed peptides CPU1 and CPU2 were generated. Unexpectedly, CPU2 inhibited MMP-8 and MMP-9 activity in the nanomolar range, whereas CPU1 displayed a weaker inhibitory profile than Regasepin2 against TACE, MMP-8 and MMP-9. CPU1 showed a higher affinity than CPU2 with integrin α5β1 in a HUVEC adhesion assay. In an in vitro angiogenesis model of HUVEC migration, CPU1 showed higher inhibition potency than CPU2 (85% inhibition for CPU1 at a concentration of 0.8 μM versus 17% inhibition for CPU2 at the same concentration)
Editorial (Hot Topic: Recent Development of Molecular Targeted Anti-Cancer Agents)
Author(s): Feng Liang and Yong Zeng
Affiliation: College of Chemical Engineering and Technology Wuhan University of Science and Technology Hubei 430081 P. R. China.
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