Journal Name: Medicinal Chemistry
Article Title QSAR Study on a Series of Aryl Carboxylic Acid Amide Derivatives as Potential Inhibitors of Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase (DHODH)
Author(s): Vivek K. Vyas and Manjunath Ghate
Abstract: QSAR study was performed on a series of aryl carboxylic acid amide derivatives (62 analogs) to establish structural features required for human dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (hDHODH) inhibition. Statistical significant QSAR models were developed for the prediction of hDHODH inhibitory activity by applying MLR analysis (r2 = 0.851 and q2 = 0.795), PCR analysis (r2 = 0.713 and q2 = 0.667) and PLS analysis (r2 = 0.848 and q2 = 0.802). QSAR study emphasized the importance of topological, estate number, hydrophobic and alignment independent descriptors for the prediction of hDHODH inhibitory activity. SaasCcount descriptor suggested the presence of carbon atoms in five member aryl ring system. Positive impact of alignment independent descriptors reveals the presence of carbonyl oxygen and chloro group in this series of compounds. DistTopo signifies basic connectivity of atoms in the molecules. High degree of predictability of the proposed QSAR models offers a great potential for the design and development of potent hDHODH inhibitors.
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Article Title: QSAR and Docking Based Semi-synthesis and in vitro Evaluation of 18 β-glycyrrhetinic Acid Derivatives Against Human Lung Cancer Cell Line A-549
Author(s): Dharmendra Kumar Yadav, Komal Kalani, Feroz Khan and Santosh Kumar Srivastava
Abstract: For the prediction of anticancer activity of glycyrrhetinic acid (GA-1) analogs against the human lung cancer cell line (A-549), a QSAR model was developed by forward stepwise multiple linear regression methodology. The regression coefficient (r2) and prediction accuracy (rCV2) of the QSAR model were taken 0.94 and 0.82, respectively in terms of correlation. The QSAR study indicates that the dipole moments, size of smallest ring, amine counts, hydroxyl and nitro functional groups are correlated well with cytotoxic activity. The docking studies showed high binding affinity of the predicted active compounds against the lung cancer target EGFR. These active glycyrrhetinic acid derivatives were then semi-synthesized, characterized and in-vitro tested for anticancer activity. The experimental results were in agreement with the predicted values and the ethyl oxalyl derivative of GA-1 (GA-3) showed equal cytotoxic activity to that of standard anticancer drug paclitaxel.
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Article Title: Synthesis, Leptospirocidal Activity and QSAR Analysis of Novel Quinoxaline Derivatives
Author(s): Ayarivan Puratchikody, Ramalakshmi Natarajan, Mukesh Doble, Shanmugam Hema Iswarya and Raj Vijayabharathi
Abstract: A simple and efficient method has been developed for the synthesis of series of N-Mannich bases of (E)-3- (phenylimino/4-chlorophenylimino)-2,3-dihydro-1-[(N-substituted piperazinyl) methyl]quinoxaline-2-(1H)-one 3a-f and 4a-f. The requisite 2a and 2b were obtained by reactionbetween quinoxaline-2,3-dione 1 and aniline / p-chloroaniline. These compounds underwent NMannich reaction with various substituted piperazines to yield (title compounds 3a-f and 4a-f respectively. Structures of synthesized compounds were confirmed by spectral studies (IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and Mass) and elemental analysis. All the synthesized compounds were screened for in vitro leptospirocidal activty against Leptospira interrogans. The potent compounds 4a, 4b and 4c which showed maximum activity during in vitro studies were subjected to in vivo studies. The inhibitory activity of enzymes carboxypeptidase and transpeptidase, in leptospirosis by the synthesized compounds were determined. 3D-QSAR studies model developed showed the need for more hydrophobic and less steric groups as substituent groups to enhance the in vitro activity.
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