New Issue | Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry 19-5

 

Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry is a forum for the review of areas of keen and topical interest to medicinal chemists and others in the allied disciplines. Each issue is solely devoted to a specific topic, containing six to nine reviews, which provide the reader a comprehensive survey of that area. A Guest Editor who is an expert in the topic under review, will assemble each issue. The scope of Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry will cover all areas of medicinal chemistry, including current developments in rational drug design, synthetic chemistry, bioorganic chemistry, high-throughput screening, combinatorial chemistry, compound diversity measurements, drug absorption, drug distribution, metabolism, new and emerging drug targets, natural products, pharmacogenomics, and structure-activity relationships. Medicinal chemistry is a rapidly maturing discipline. The study of how structure and function are related is absolutely essential to understanding the molecular basis of life. Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry aims to contribute to the growth of scientific knowledge and insight, and facilitate the discovery and development of new therapeutic agents to treat debilitating human disorders. The journal is essential for every medicinal chemist who wishes to be kept informed and up-to-date with the latest and most important advances.

 

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Articles from the journal Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry Volume 19, Issue 5:

For more details on the article, please visit: https://bit.ly/2PiwVza

EDITOR’S CHOICE – Inter-individual Variability in Activity of the Major Drug Metabolizing Enzymes in Liver Homogenates of 20 Individuals

Journal:  Current Drug Metabolism

Author(s): Shalenie P. den Braver-Sewradj, Michiel W. den Braver, Marc van Dijk, Yongjie Zhang, Stefan J. Dekker, Lukas Wijaya, Nico P.E. Vermeulen, Lysiane Richert, Jan N.M. Commandeur, J. Chris Vos*

Graphical Abstract:

 

Abstract:

Background: Inter-individual variability in hepatic drug metabolizing enzyme (DME) activity is a major contributor to heterogeneity in drug clearance and safety. Accurate data on expression levels and activities of DMEs is an important prerequisite for in vitro-in vivo extrapolation and in silico based predictions. Characterization and assessment of inter-correlations of the major DMEs cytochrome P450s (CYPs) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) have been extensively documented, but simultaneous quantification including other major DMEs has been lacking.

Objective: Assessment of inter-donor variability and inter-correlations of CYPs, UGTs, sulfotransferases (SULTs), glutathione S-transferases (GSTs), NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) and NRH: quinone oxidoreductase 2 (NQO2) in a set of 20 individual liver homogenates.

Method: The main drug metabolizing isoforms of CYP and UGT have been reaction phenotype in individual liver microsomes and NQO1, NQO2, GSTT1 and GSTT2 in corresponding cytosol. In addition, we assessed overall SULT activity in liver cytosol using acetaminophen and 7-hydroxycoumarin as non-selective substrates and cytosolic GST activity using the non-selective substrate 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB). Expression of GST isoforms was also assessed.

Results and Conclusion: While hepatic NQO1 activity was highly variable, NQO2 activity was more conserved. In addition, we found that of the hepatic GST isoforms, the variation in GSTM3 levels, which is poorly studied, was highest. The majority of significant correlations were found amongst CYP and UGT enzyme activities. The dataset presented provides the absolute quantification of the largest number of hepatic DME activities so far and constitute an essential resource for in silico toxicokinetic and metabolic modelling studies.

Read more here: http://www.eurekaselect.com/158885/article

 

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