Top Foods for Your Brain

What you eat doesn’t just affect your physical health, but also your brain and memory. Here are some amazing foods that you can eat to boost your brainpower and memory.

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Whole Grains

The brain obtains its energy in the form of glucose which is derived from carbohydrates. Our brains need energy to focus and concentrate which it gets from carbohydrates. Healthy ways to acquire complex carbohydrates with low Glycemic Index (GI) is to eat whole-wheat products, granary bread, bulgur, oats, beans, wild rice, barley, and soy.

Fish

The most useful omega-3 fats are found naturally in fish as Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Salmon, trout, mackerel, herring, sardines, pilchards and kippers all contain EPA and DHA. Low DHA levels can cause dementia, Alzheimer’s disease and memory loss whereas adequate levels of EPA and DHA can assist in lower stress and aid in the production of serontin, the feel good chemical.

Green Leafy Vegetables

Now we know why Popeye liked spinach so much. Green leafy vegetables such as spinach, turnip, kale, romaine, collard greens, mustard greens, and broccoli contain a lot of folic acid and healthy vitamins. Shortages in folate and B vitamins are believed to aggravate depression, lethargy and sleeplessness. So, have green leafy vegetables in order to have a healthy brain.

Berries

Latest research has shown that berries such as blueberries, strawberries, and acai berries contain antioxidants and other phytochemicals and have been shown to improve learning, reasoning, and recollection. They may also stop mental deterioration in its track by preserving the brain’s natural mechanism. They also aid in averting memory loss which comes with age.

So enjoy these healthy foods and sustain a strong brain!

Press Release for EurekAlert! Zebrafish as an animal model to study the effects of endocrine disruptors

zebra-fish

Water is vital for our survival. However, water quality is always a concern for public health authorities as it may contain diverse environmental pollutants, including endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). Endocrine disrupting chemicals are one group of potentially hazardous substances that comprise natural and synthetic chemicals, with the ability to mimic endogenous hormones or interfere with their biosynthesis, metabolism, and normal functions. Common examples are bisphenol A, triclosan, phthalates, lead, mercury, nickel and polychlorinated biphenyls, among others.

Fish are known to be quite sensitive to the effects of EDCs and therefore, are employed as research models to study the possible impacts of these chemicals in humans. In a review led by Purdue University (USA) and the University of Cartagena (Colombia), a team of researchers has proposed the zebrafish as a model to predict the effects of EDCs on humans using toxicogenomic tools, such as microarrays or whole-genome sequencing. This is possible due to the fact that zebrafish genes that have significantly altered expression after exposure to EDCs are very similar to those found in humans. In addition, many of the glandular system found in zebrafish have similarities with those in humans, making this fish model suitable to study alterations on the endocrine system.

According to the authors, vitellogenin and aromatase cytochrome P450 are key genes that can be monitored in zebrafish to detect the presence of EDCs in water samples, especially at environmentally relevant concentrations.

Toxicogenomic tools also offer the possibility to find new mechanisms by which EDCs alter the reproductive status of zebrafish, allowing its use to test the safety of new products entering the market. The possibilities are immense and the goal is to continue finding new markers of toxicity, and therefore alternative bridges to link EDC exposure to common diseases in humans.

Co-authors of the paper include Karina Caballero-Gallardo, Jesus Olivero-Verbel (University of Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia) and Jennifer L. Freeman (Purdue University, USA).

Reference: Caballero-Gallardo, K.; et al (2016). Toxicogenomics to Evaluate Endocrine Disrupting Effects of Environmental Chemicals Using the Zebrafish Model., DOI: 10.2174/1389202917666160513105959

For more information about the article, please visithttp://benthamscience.com/journals/current-genomics/volume/17/issue/6/page/515/

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