Editor’s Choice: Differentiation of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells into Male Germ Cells

Abstract:

Infertility is defined as not being able to become pregnant or to conceive a child after one year or longer of regular unprotected intercourse. Male infertility refers to a male’s inability to cause pregnancy that can result from deficiencies in semen quality, sperm concentration, or abnormal sperm function. Till now, there are few effective methods for the treatment of a couple with male infertility. In the past few years, stem cell-based therapy as a promising strategy has emerged for the treatment of male infertility. Human Pluripotent Stem Cells (hPSCs) can self-renew and differentiate into any type of cell. Human Embryonic Stem Cells (hESCs) and induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (hiPSCs) are two pluripotent populations that can proliferate and give rise to ectodermal, mesodermal, endodermal, and germ cell lineages. Both undifferentiated hiPSCs and hESCs are powerful candidates for the treatment of male infertility. Generation of male germ cells from hPSCs can provide new mechanistic insights into the regulation of spermatogenesis and have a great opportunity for families with infertility. Therefore, a robust, reproducible, and low-cost culture method that supports hPSCs differentiation into male germ cells is necessary. However, very few studies have focused on the derivation of sperm-like cells from hiPSCs and the details of hPSCs differentiation into male germ cells have not been fully investigated. Therefore, in this review, we focus on the in vitro differentiation potential of hiPSCs into male germ cells. Read more here: https://www.eurekaselect.com/183481/article

Editors Choice Article | Hysterosalpingographic Findings of Infertile Patients Presenting to Our Reproductive Endocrinology Department: Analysis of 1,996 Cases

 

Journal Name: Current Medical Imaging

Author(s): Zeynep Ozturk Inal*, Hasan Ali Inal, Aysegul Altunkeser, Ender Alkan, Fatma Zeynep Arslan

 

Graphical Abstract:

Abstract:

Background: To evaluate the hysterosalpingography (HSG) findings of women with infertility in a tertiary center located in central Turkey.

Methods: A total of 1,996 patients undergoing the HSG procedure for the investigation of infertility from April 2012 to 2017 were retrospectively evaluated using the archives of the reproductive endocrinology and radiology departments. Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with normal HSG findings (n = 1,549) and patients with abnormal HSG findings (n = 447) were compared, and the distribution of pathologies on the HSG examinations was evaluated as well.

Results: There were statistically significant differences between patients with normal and abnormal HSG findings in terms of age (25.68 ± 4.54 vs. 35.87 ± 2.65, p < 0.001), type (for secondary) and duration of infertility [43.1% vs. 50.6% (p = 0.006); 7 (1-22) vs. 2 (1-12) (p < 0.001), respectively], and baseline follicle stimulating hormone and estradiol levels [7.22 ± 1.38 vs. 7.55 ± 1.42 (p < 0.001); 45.54 ± 9.92 vs. 44.40 ± 9.99 (p < 0.001), respectively]. Among a total of 1,996 HSG examinations, 447 (22.39%) showed abnormalities, of which 237 (11.87%) were associated with tubal pathologies, 163 (8.17%) with uterine pathologies, and 47 (2.35%) with a combination of both. While the most common tubal pathology was one-sided distal tubal occlusion (2.91%), the most common uterine pathology was filling defects (4.16%).

Conclusion: HSG is the most commonly used, well-tolerated, low-cost, and safe radiological procedure to use for the investigation of the causes of female infertility. To read out more, please visit: http://www.eurekaselect.com/165406/article

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