Most Accessed Articles | Identification of New Inhibitors of Mutant Isocitrate Dehydrogenase 2 through Molecular Similarity-based Virtual Screening

Journal Name: Letters in Drug Design & Discovery

Author(s): Lijun Yang, Stefan Pusch, Victoria Jennings, Tianfang Ma, Qihua Zhu, Yungen Xu, Andreas von Deimling*, Xiaoming Zha*.

 

 

 

 

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Abstract:

Background: Isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) is an enzyme catalyzing the oxidative decarboxylation of isocitrate to α-ketoglutarate (α-KG) in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA). Evidences suggest that the specific mutations in IDH2 are critical to the growth and reproduction of severe tumors especially leukemia and glioblastoma. It is found that the inhibitors of mutant IDH2 are promising anti-tumor therapeutics.

Methods: A virtual screening strategy combining molecular similarity search and molecular docking was performed in the binding site of AGI-6780. YL-16, YL-17 and YL-18 were identified as novel mutant IDH2 inhibitors for the reduction of (D)-2-hydroxyglutarate in cellular evaluation. In addition, all the three compounds showed inhibition against IDH2-R172K mutated HEK-293T cells, while weak inhibition against wide-type IDH2 (WT-IDH2) HEK-293T cells.

Results: Significantly, YL-17 showed 84.55% inhibitory activity against IDH2-R172K at 1 µM and weak cytotoxicity to wide-type IDH2 at 50 µM.

Conclusion: YL-17 was highlighted as a new mutant IDH2 inhibitor that could be further developed for therapeutic applications. To read out more, please visit: http://www.eurekaselect.com/164444/article

OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE – Inhibition of Glycolysis and Glutaminolysis: An Emerging Drug Discovery Approach to Combat Cancer.

Journal Name: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Author(s): Nicholas S. Akins, Tanner C. Nielson, Hoang V. Le*.

 

 

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Abstract:

Cancer cells have a very different metabolism from that of normal cells from which they are derived. Their metabolism is elevated, which allows them to sustain higher proliferative rate and resist some cell death signals. This phenomenon, known as the “Warburg effect”, has become the focus of intensive efforts in the discovery of new therapeutic targets and new cancer drugs. Both glycolysis and glutaminolysis pathways are enhanced in cancer cells. While glycolysis is enhanced to satisfy the increasing energy demand of cancer cells, glutaminolysis is enhanced to provide biosynthetic precursors for cancer cells. It was recently discovered that there is a tyrosine phosphorylation of a specific isoform of pyruvate kinase, the M2 isoform, that is preferentially expressed in all cancer cells, which results in the generation of pyruvate through a unique enzymatic mechanism that is uncoupled from ATP production. Pyruvate produced through this unique enzymatic mechanism is converted primarily into lactic acid, rather than acetyl-CoA for the synthesis of citrate, which would normally then enter the citric acid cycle. Inhibition of key enzymes in glycolysis and glutaminolysis pathways with small molecules has provided a novel but emerging area of cancer research and has been proven effective in slowing the proliferation of cancer cells, with several inhibitors being in clinical trials. This review paper will cover recent advances in the development of chemotherapeutic agents against several metabolic targets for cancer therapy, including glucose transporters, hexokinase, pyruvate kinase M2, glutaminase, and isocitrate dehydrogenase.

 

 

Read more here: http://www.eurekaselect.com/162396 

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