World Leprosy Day 2018!


Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease (HD), is a long-term infection by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae. Symptoms of leprosy include granulomas of the nerves, respiratory tract, skin, and eyes, which result in lack of ability to feel pain and eventual death in case of failure to receive treatment.

Bentham Science publishes research papers that present new studies to help eradicate leprosy. Find the latest studies in the following journals:

  1. Current Immunology Reviews
  2. Immunology, Endocrine and Metabolic Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
  3. Infectious Disorders – Drug Targets

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How We Measure Healthy Weight

Healthy weight and obesity is among the most popular topics that masses discuss all around the world. Not only is it a concern for the laypeople, it is also highly considered by the researchers and healthcare givers. One of the bigger questions on healthy weight is how we can measure it. Mostly the proposed measure is the Body Mass Index (BMI). BMI is measured by dividing the weight in kilograms by height in metres; then this number is divided by the height again to take out BMI. From 18.5 to 24.9 BMI is considered normal. Below 18.5 is underweight; above 25 is overweight. Crossing 29 makes the person officially obese.


BMI, however, has limitations. Hence we can look ahead to other calculations as well. One of them is Waist to Hip ratio (WHR). As the name suggests it is a measure of waist circumference to the hip area circumference. The number suggests how much weight is accumulated in the lower body and comparing it to a standard chart, we can figure out healthy weight.

Otherwise we can also determine the Body-Fat Percentage. The level and form of fat is varying from person to person and also significantly different in men and women. Normally, women tend to have more fat than men. Body-Fat Percentage can be checked with the help of a doctor. If you wish to do it at home you may have to enter your weight, height, waist circumference, wrist, circumference and such information in an online calculator. This will calculate and suggest if you are over, under or normal in weight.

Bentham Science has a new journal launched in 2018 to cover all the latest research studies on healthy weight and obesity:

Current Obesity Research & Therapy


Ochratoxin A: From Safety Aspects to Prevention and Remediation Strategies

Journal: Current Nutrition & Food Science

Author(s): Shadi Choupankareh, Farimah Beheshti, Sareh Karimi, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia, Hassan Rakhshandeh, Mohsen Rezaeipour, Mahmoud Hosseini


Graphical Abstract:


Background: Mycotoxins, which are toxic metabolites produced by specific fungi in food crops, can cause serious problems for human’s health. Ochratoxin A is a natural toxin produced by Aspergillus spp. and Penicillium spp. These fungi can grow in different plants and climates, and therefore, contaminate the crops all over the world. Ochratoxin A, as one of the most common mycotoxin, is a potentially carcinogen biometabolite found in a wide range of foods from cereals to spices.

Objective: This review illustrates the efficient prevention and remediation strategies to eliminate this hazardous mycotoxin. Its chemical structure, toxic effects, and safe intake will be briefly described.

Results: The variety strategies have been used to decrease OTA in foods. Some of the important techniques for OTA decontamination are physical and biological methods. Physical decontamination is through the application of heat, microwaves and radiation. The biological decontamination of mycotoxins which are done by microorganisms via the degradation and binding. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous and Phaffia rhodozyma are the common microorganisms used for remediation of OTA. The combination of probiotics and prebiotics is eficient on toxin removal. Among probiotics Lactobacillus acidophilus is the most popular one.

Conclusion: physical methods especially hot processing have some disadvantages in the food appearance and nutritional values. The biological methods are so popular recently. Using probiotics to remove OTA in contaminated foods seems highly efficient and also environmentally friendly.

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Healthy Weight Week signifies the importance of balance diet and healthy lifestyle. Being healthy does not mean losing weight and going on a diet. It means pursuing livable and sustainable healthy lifestyle through eating well, living actively and feeling good.
Bentham Science publishes important research publications that promote this idea.

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Bioactive Compounds of Virgin Olive Oil Extracted from Bladi and Arbequina Cultivars

Journal: Current Nutrition & Food Science

Author(s): M.S. Mirrezaie Roodaki, M.A. Sahari*, B. Ghiassi Tarzi, M. Barzegar, M. Gharachorloo

Graphical Abstract:



Background: Virgin Olive Oil (VOO) is known as a nutraceutical resource. Virgin olive oil is stable oil and its shelf life is longer than the other edible oils. Bladi and Arbequina are the most extensive and important olive cultivars in Iran-Qom region. The aim of this research was to evaluate stability and the bioactive compounds of two olive cultivars (Bladi and Arbequina) that have beneficial effects on body’s health.

Methods: Olive fruits from Bladi and Arbequina cultivars were collected, indexes of weight, dimension, oil and moisture content of whole fruit, pulp and kernel were studied; their oil was extracted (cold press) and free fatty acid, peroxide, polar compounds, conjugated dienes and trienes, induction period, refractive index, chlorophyll and carotenoid contents, fatty acid, phenolic and tocopherol profiles were investigated.

Results: The results showed that the dimensions and weights of the whole fruit, pulp and kernel of cultivars were significantly different. With the same amount of moisture, oil contents of fruit, pulp and kernel in Bladi (18.44, 34.94, 3.82%, respectively) were less than those in Arbequina (30.72, 45.1 and 8.75%). The composition of fatty acids in Bladi and Arbequina’s oil mainly consisted of oleic (50.16, 57.43%), palmitic (22.33, 19.79%) and linoleic acid (18.38, 14.72%),. Induction period of Arbequina was higher than Bladi, although polyphenols and tocopherols contents were higher in Bladi.

Conclusion: The fatty acids composition and the presence of antioxidants mainly phenols and tocopherols are established key factors for the resistance of the oil to autoxidation.

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World Aids Day 2017!

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World AIDS Day takes place on the 1st December each year. It’s an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV, to show support for people living with HIV, and to commemorate those who have died from an AIDS-related illness.

Bentham Science publishes articles related to AIDS in its high impact journals including :

Current HIV Research


Epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus in the United Arab Emirates

Journal: Current Diabetes Reviews

Author(s): Hira Abdul Razzak, Alya Harbi, Wael Shelpai, Ahmad Qawas


Background/ Objective: Diabetes mellitus is a non-communicable disease which has become a major global public health issue. This systematic review summarized epidemiological studies related to the prevalence, risk factors, complications, incidence, knowledge, attitude and practices of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) among Arab population in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Method: PubMed, Scopus databases, Science direct, Wiley online library, and other local journals were searched to identify relevant literature using appropriate keywords to retrieve studies conducted in the UAE. Search limits were restricted to studies in English language, between 2007 and 2016, and on UAE population (both citizens and expatriates).

Results: Electronic database search yielded 24 studies about the prevalence, incidence, complications, risk factors, knowledge, attitudes and practices of diabetes, including cross sectional studies (n =18), population-based survey (n = 1), retrospective cohort studies (n = 3), qualitative (n=1), and randomized controlled trial (n = 1). Countrywide prevalence estimates of Diabetes Mellitus were reported to be high. The major determinants of Diabetes Mellitus involved hypertension, physical inactivity, sedentary lifestyle, and unhealthy diet.

Conclusion: Even though past evidences have promulgated the role of numerous causative factors, the epidemiological implications of some of the risk factors including family history, educational level, and the use of alcohol remains elusive. This systematic review signifies epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus in the United Arab Emirates and suggests that extra efforts are needed for preventive and curative strategies in order to decrease the burden of this non-communicable disease.

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World Diabetes Day 2017!

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World Diabetes Day acknowledges the severity of diabetes mellitus as a disease that effects the health of many all over the world. Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications.

Bentham Science publishes papers from prominent medical researchers to find remedies for diabetes. For the best published articles view the following journal:

Current Diabetes Reviews



Image Credits: International Diabetes Federation

Lung Cancer Awareness Month 2017!


Every year the month of November is observed as Lung Cancer Awareness Month. Lung cancer is by far the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women. About 1 out of 4 cancer deaths are from lung cancer. Each year, more people die of lung cancer than of colon, breast, and prostate cancers combined.

Bentham Science publishes top quality research papers in various High Impact journals that focus on lung cancer and its treatment. For more details please visit:

Current Cancer Drug Targets

Current Cancer Therapy Reviews