Most cited: The Mediterranean Diets’ Effect on Gut Microbial Composition in Comparison with the Western Diet: A Literature Review

Author(s):Ioannis-Nektarios ElmaliklisSpyridon Konteles and Antonios E. Koutelidakis*

Background: In recent years, the scientific interest about the possible role of dietary attitudes on gut microbiota modulation has been increasing.

Objective: The present literature review aimed to analyze the effect of Mediterranean diet adoption on gut microbial composition, in comparison with the Western diet.

Methods: From an initial number of 38, 21 recent studies were selected using comprehensive scientific databases and relative keywords, such as microbial composition, dietary attitudes, and beneficial effects. The selected studies were recently published based on animal models, human interventional trials, metanalyses and gut microbiome analysis, such as metagenomics.

Results: According to the basic findings of the present review study, Mediterranean diet adherence leads to a gut microbial richness and richer diversity as well as a higher abundance of genera Lactobacillus, Faecalibacterium, Oscillospira, Bifidobacterium, Eubacterium species, that stimulate the production of total short-chain fatty acids. This diet also leads to a lower Firmicutes / Bacteroidetes ratio due to the increase of Bacteroidetes and decrease of Firmicutes, accompanied by a decrease of circulating Trimethylamine N oxide levels and a reduction in abundance of Ruminococcus, Lachnospiraceae, Proteobacteria and Coprococcus, in comparison to the Western diet.

Conclusion: Further understanding of the multifactorial effect of both Mediterranean and Western diet on gut microbiota could allow the establishment of nutritional educational programs and nutritional policies with aim to improve human health by modulating gut microbial composition.

Read more: http://bit.ly/3gA8hfy

Call for Papers | Current Pharmaceutical Design

Special Thematic Issues | Forthcoming Issues

Journal: Current Pharmaceutical Design

 

Guest Editor(s): Antoni Camins Espuny, Carlos Beas-zarate
Tentative Publication Date: November, 2019

“New Targets and strategies of Medical Treatments in neurological and neurodegenerative
disorders”

 

Current Pharmaceutical Design

 

The objective of this special issue is to give a vision of different pharmacological and nutritional strategies to develop new treatments for the prevention and cure of diseases that affect the central nervous system. Refractory epilepsy affects 20-30% of patients and constitutes a serious problem should be solved in the future knowing the cause of the loss of effectiveness of drugs. With reference to the other neurodegenerative diseases, it is evident that it is necessary to propose new strategies to solve the problem of cognitive loss in AD, for example, by stimulating the hippocampal insulin receptor, by inhibiting glial activity, or, by the development of new drug strategies through nanoparticles.

This thematic issue will gather information with and emphasis in new targets and strategies the potential therapeutic uses. Moreover, it will generate a forum for discussion of development of new pharmaceutical strategies (nanoparticles, etc) and effects, including the effect in different biological systems. For more details please visit: https://benthamscience.com/journal-files/special-issue-details/CPD-SII20190531-01.pdf

 

To submit your paper, email at: hermain@benthamscience.net and CC: faizan@benthamscience.net

 

Eat as the Mediterranean Do!

What we eat determines a lot of features of our life, for instance, our look, our health, our physical and mental strength and on the whole our life itself. Dietary habits have been long under study to determine what the best foods to consume are. Arguably, the diet taken by the Mediterranean people is widely accepted by the scientists, dieticians and health experts to help in a number of ways. The prime focus of recommending it was that it combats certain life threatening diseases like heart problems, excessive obesity and the much feared cancer.

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Scientists from Department of Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel, have highlighted in their research that the Mediterranean diet is also essential to prolong life of people. Consuming the mix of meat, fruits, herbs and spices used by the people living in the Mediterranean countries prove as anti-aging sources and keep the body organs healthy for a long time. Elderly population in these countries, therefore, enjoy a more diseases-free life and are healthier than most aged ones in other parts of the world.

This study was presented in the research article;

Mediterranean Diet and Longevity

published in

Current Nutrition & Food Science

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