Polio and its Vaccination: A Cross Sectional Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Perception of General Public in district Abbottabad and Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan


Author(s): Humaira Saeed, Saira Azhar*, Akash Syed, Saliha Khalid, Annum Bukhari,Nidda Saeed.



Graphical Abstract:



Background: According to global eradication initiative program, poliomyelitis was eradicated all over the world except Pakistan and Afghanistan due to some challenges like misconceptions, non-compliances, political and militancy issues, etc.

Objective: This study quantitatively evaluates the knowledge, attitude and perception of general public regarding polio and its vaccination in district Abbottabad and Mansehra, KPK, Pakistan.

Method: A cross sectional study design involving 800 participants was conducted from November 2015 to February 2016 in district Abbottabad and Mansehra of KPK, Pakistan. To collect the data from eligible participants, pre tested self-administered questionnaire was used. Descriptive and binary logistic regression analysis was used to express the results of the study.

Results: A total of 53.8% participants exhibited appropriate knowledge about polio and its vaccination. Higher qualification (p<0.001), urban locality (p<0.05), paid employed (p<0.05) and primary information source (p<0.001) were significantly associated with appropriate knowledge of polio and its vaccination. About 71.6% of the participants showed positive attitude towards polio and its vaccination. Older age (p<0.001), self-employment (p<0.05), high income (p<0.001), urban residence (p<0.001) and primary information source i.e. village and community leaders (p<0.05) were significantly associated with the positive attitudes of participants towards polio and its vaccination. About 56.90% participants had wrong perception about which treatment is best for polio. Overall perception about polio and its vaccination was significantly associated with participants of older age (p<0.001), gender specially females (p<0.05), employment status i.e. self- employment (p<0.001), higher income (p<0.001), marital status (p<0.05) and urban residency (p<0.05).

Conclusion: This study identified some important issues related to polio vaccination which can help in eradicating polio by effective immunization campaigns in Pakistan.


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World Polio Day, 2018!




World Polio Day was established by Rotary International over a decade ago to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk, who led the first team to develop a vaccine against poliomyelitis. Use of this inactivated poliovirus vaccine and subsequent widespread use of the oral poliovirus, developed by Albert Sabin, led to the establishment of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988. As of 2013, GPEI had reduced polio worldwide by 99%.

Polio is a crippling and potentially fatal infectious disease. There is no cure, but there are safe and effective vaccines. Polio can be prevented through immunization. Polio vaccine, given multiple times, almost always protects a child for life. The strategy to eradicate polio is therefore based on preventing infection by immunizing every child until transmission stops and the world is polio-free.


Bentham Science publishes articles related to World Polio Day in its Subscription based journals including:







World Polio Day!


Bentham Science stands with Polio patients on the World Polio Day, 24th October 2016. Find the latest research papers published in our journals that focus on Polio and its treatments. The most significant one is:

Polio Virus and Immunization!

WHO celebrates the ‘World Immunization Week’ and makes us recall some of the most disturbing diseases that we have been battling for ages. Poliomyelitis, better known as polio, is among these diseases. It has been a widespread problem surviving through centuries and causing disabilities and even taking lives of many in nearly every part of the globe. Even the ancient artworks in Egypt and elsewhere have documented the sorry patients feeling the wrath of the polio virus. This resilient devil has also played havoc in Europe, USA, Africa and many parts of Asia.


But what does the devil do? Polio virus attacks human body causing fever at times and basically damages the muscles. It is mostly destroying the leg muscles causing them to deform and deteriorate. It spreads from human excretions and is dangerously contagious. Decades back scientists developed a vaccine that can be given orally in doses. The vaccine activates the antibodies to keep the virus at sea. WHO and other international organizations have run successful campaigns in various countries through vaccinators. The vaccinators set up camps or go door to door to give the vaccine to infants orally.

Polio has been eradicated from several countries but still it shows up in individuals in certain parts of the world. Vigorous campaigning is on in those few parts as well to kill the devil forever.

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