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Journal Name: Current Cancer Drug Targets
Contributed Article: Nanotherapy Targeting the Tumor Microenvironment
Author(s): Alessandra Bearz, Sara Cecco, Sara Francescon, Francesco Lo Re, Giuseppe Corona, Paolo Baldo*.
Background: Lung cancer is the most frequent cause of cancer-related death. In the last decades, the introduction of targeted therapies and more recently, of immunotherapy, has led to significant improvements in different outcomes of this malignant neoplasm.
Objective: The present review provides a balanced overview of most recent targeted therapies and immunotherapies patented for the treatment of lung cancer.
Method: An extensive scientific literature and patent databases search were performed to identify peer-reviewed studies containing information on recently patented drugs for the treatment of lung cancer, with a particular focus on their safety data and recently patented combinations.
Results: The development of therapies directed to different pathways involved in the tumor angiogenesis, proliferation, and metastasis has transformed the clinical practice of lung malignancies. Several clinical trials have shown an improvement in terms of progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with advanced/metastatic lung cancer. Safety data, extracted from clinical trials and from the WHO global database of adverse drug reactions (VigiAccessTM database), show that recently patented drugs for the treatment of lung cancer are well- tolerated and most of the adverse events reported are mild to moderate.
Conclusion: Currently, a consistent number of new drugs and combinations have been introduced for the treatment of patients with advanced-stage lung cancer. Safety data remain essential to better assess the long-term risk/benefit ratio of these valuable emerging therapies. The new patents’ development could provide further significant improvements for lung cancer treatment. To read full abstract, please visit: http://www.eurekaselect.com/173895/article
Author(s): Debora Basile, Camilla Lisanti, Maria A. Pizzichetta, Paolo Baldo*, Giulia Fornasier, Francesco Lo Re, Giuseppe Corona, Fabio Puglisi.
Background: Malignant melanoma is a skin cancer responsible of 90% of cutaneous cancer related deaths. In recent years, breakthroughs in treatment strategy have revolutionized the prognosis both of early and advanced melanoma patients. In particular, treatment with monoclonal antibodies targeting co-inhibitory checkpoints or specific molecular pathways are pawing the way for a new era of promising options, by prolonging survival time of these patients.
Moreover, unlike the chemotherapy that was used until some time ago, these new drugs have a good and more manageable toxicity profile. However, because of the recent introduction in clinical practice of the new agents, there is a learning curve among physicians regarding early recognition and management of the associated side effects.
Objectives: The analysis of the toxicity profiles of the different agents currently studied for the treatment of early and advanced melanoma, and the description of several relevant recent patents in this field, are the aims of this review.
Methods: A systematically conducted review, based on current clinical guidelines and on international Pharmacovigilance databases (AERS-Eudravigilance – WHO Vigibase).
Results: Our systematic analysis outlines a comprehensive overview about the pharmacology, clinical application and safety of recent anticancer drugs to treat melanoma, which can be an essential instrument for health professionals and researchers.
Conclusion: The new oncological therapies against melanoma are based on increasingly specific biological and immunological targets. For this reason, the potential toxicities that are expected from patients would be less relevant than the systemic “classical” chemotherapy. However, the new therapies are not free from the risk of causing adverse reactions, some of which must be managed promptly and appropriately; moreover the multiplicity of the metabolic pathways exposes the new target therapies to relevant potential interactions. This review can help to understand how important it is not to underestimate potential adverse drug reactions related to new targeted therapies. To read the full abstract, please visit: http://www.eurekaselect.com/173896/article
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare neoplasm with very poor prognosis despite the recent development of aggressive antitumor therapies. The cause of adrenal cancer remains elusive, but some molecular mechanisms could be responsible for its development. Target-specific therapies have been developed for a number of human malignancies and have resulted in therapeutic benefits in some cancer patients. However, these therapies are only effective in cases in which the corresponding targets are expressed in tumor tissues. Molecular analysis has had a significant impact on the understanding of the pathogenetic mechanism of ACC development and the evaluation of prognostic and predictive markers, among which alterations of the IGF system, the Wnt pathway, p53 and molecules involved in cancer cell invasion properties and angiogenesis seem to be very promising. These molecular markers may not just play a role in the biology of these tumors and have prognostic implications, but can also be used as potential targets for treatment. The aim of this review is to summarize the genetic and molecular events implied in the pathogenesis of ACC and to highlight challenges to the development of anticancer agents in recent patents.
For journal Info: http://benthamscience.com/journals/current-pharmaceutical-design/